External Skeletal Fixation
Linear External Skeletal Fixation
Linear ESF is the most common form of veterinary ESF and usually consists of percutaneous transfixation pins attached to one or more external bars. Specialized pin gripping clamps are typically utilized to connect external bars and pins. The SK™ ESF System by IMEX™ is depended on by more academic teaching hospitals and private referral practices than any other ESF device.
Circular External Skeletal Fixation (CESF)
CESF was popularized by Professor G. Ilizarov to treat growth deformities, bone defects, and non-unions. Veterinary surgeons have adapted the Ilizarov method to animal patients. Percutaneous fixation is usually performed by use of small diameter fixation wires placed under tension. The IMEX™ CESF device greatly simplifies application and management of CESF frames.
Hybrid External Skeletal Fixation
Hybrid ESF devices have characteristics of both linear and circular ESF frames. Hybrid frames are often used to manage fractures with short, juxtarticular fracture fragments. Many growth deformities can also be managed with hybrid frames. By utilizing special “hybrid rods” veterinary surgeons can link the most popular linear and circular veterinary ESF devices.